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Normal Laboratory Values

Below is a list of few of the commonly used normal laboratory values:

HEMATOLOGY

 

Red Blood Cells

 

RBC (Male)

4.2 - 5.6 M/µL

RBC (Female)

3.8 - 5.1 M/µL

RBC (Child)

3.5 - 5.0 M/µL

White Blood Cells

 

WBC (Male)

3.8 - 11.0 K / mm cubed

WBC (Female)

3.8 - 11.0 K / mm cubed

WBC (Child)

5.0 - 10.0 K / mm cubed

Hemoglobin

 

Hgb (Male)

14 - 18 g/dL

Hgb (Female)

11 - 16 g/dL

Hgb (child)

10 - 14 g/dL

Hgb (Newborn)

15 - 25 g/dL

Hematocrit

 

Hct (Male)

39 - 54%

Hct (Female)

34 - 47%

Hct (Child)

30 - 42%

MCV

78 - 98 fL

MCH

27 - 35 pg

MCHC

31 - 37%

Neutrophils

50 - 81%

Bands

1 - 5%

Lymphocytes

14 - 44%

Monocytes

2 - 6%

Eosinophils

1 - 5%

Basophils

0 - 1%

CARDIAC MARKERS

 

Troponin I

0 - 0.1 ng/ml (onset: 4-6 hrs, peak: 12-24 hrs, return to normal: 4-7 days)

Troponin T

0 - 0.2 ng/ml (onset: 3-4 hrs, peak: 10-24 hrs, return to normal: 10-14 days)

Myoglobin (Male)

10 - 95 ng/ml (onset: 1-3 hrs, peak: 6-10 hrs, return to normal: 12-24 hrs)

Myoglobin (Female)

10 - 65 ng/ml (onset: 1-3 hrs, peak: 6-10 hrs, return to normal: 12-24 hrs)

GENERAL CHEMISTRY

 

Acetone

0.3 - 2.0 mg%

Albumin

3.5 - 5.0 gm/dL

Alkaline Phosphatase

32 - 110 U/L

Anion gap

5 - 16 mEq/L

Ammonia

11 - 35 µmol/L

Amylase

50 - 150 U/dL

AST, SGOT (Male)

7 - 21 U/L

AST, SGOT (Female)

6 - 18 U/L

Bilirubin, Direct

0.0 - 0.4 mg/dL

Bilirubin, Indirect

total minus direct

Bilirubin, Total

0.2 - 1.4 mg/dL

BUN

6 - 23 mg/dL

Calcium (total)

8 - 11 mg/dL

Carbon dioxide

21 - 34 mEq/L

Carbon monoxide

symptoms at greater than or equal to 10% saturation

Chloride

96 - 112 mEq/L

Creatine (Male)

0.2 - 0.6 mg/dL

Creatine (Female)

0.6 - 1.0 mg/dL

Creatinine

0.6 - 1.5 mg/dL

Ethanol

0 mg%; Coma: greater than or equal to 400 - 500 mg%

Folic acid

2.0 - 21 ng/mL

Glucose

70 - 110 mg/dL (diuresis greater than or equal to 180 mg/dL)

HDL (Male)

25 - 65 mg/dL

HDL (Female)

38 - 94 mg/dL

Iron

52 - 169 µg/dL

Iron binding capacity

246 - 455 µg/dL

Lactic acid

0.4 - 2.3 mEq/L

Lactate

0.3 - 2.3 mEq/L

Lipase

10 - 140 U/L

Magnesium

1.5 - 2.5 mg/dL

Osmolarity

276 - 295 mOsm/kg

Parathyroid hormone

12 - 68 pg/mL

Phosphorus

2.2 - 4.8 mg/dL

Potasssium

3.5 - 5.5 mEq/L

Protein (total)

6.0 - 9.0 gm/dL

SGPT

8 - 32 U/L

Sodium

135 - 148 mEq/L

T3

0.8 - 1.1 µg/dL

Thyroglobulin

Less than 55 ng/mL

Thyroxine (T4) total

5 - 13 µg/dL

Total protein

5 - 9 gm/dL

TSH

Less than 9 µU/mL

Urea nitrogen

8 - 25 mg/dL

Uric acid (Male)

3.5 - 7.7 mg/dL

Uric acid (Female)

2.5 - 6.6 mg/dL

LIPID PANEL (ADULT)

 

Cholesterol (total)

Less than 200 mg/dL desirable

Cholesterol (HDL)

30 - 75 mg/dL

Cholesterol (LDL)

Less than 130 mg/dL desirable

Triglycerides (Male)

Greater than 40 - 170 mg/dL

Triglycerides (Female)

Greater than 35 - 135 mg/dL

URINE

 

Color

Straw

Specific Gravity

1.003 - 1.040

pH

4.6 - 8.0

Na

10 - 40 mEq/L

K

Less than 8 mEq/L

Cl

Less than 8 mEq/L

Protein

1 - 15 mg/dL

Osmolality

80 - 1300 mOsm/L

24 HOUR URINE

 

Amylase

250 - 1100 IU / 24 hr

Calcium

100 - 250 mg / 24 hr

Chloride

110 - 250 mEq / 24 hr

Creatinine

1 - 2 g / 24 hr

Creatine Clearance (Male)

100 - 140 mL / min

Creatine Clearance (Male)

16 - 26 mg / kg / 24 hr

Creatine Clearance (Female)

80 - 130 mL / min

Creatine Clearance (Female)

10 - 20 mg / kg / 24 hr

Magnesium

6 - 9 mEq / 24 hr

Osmolality

450 - 900 mOsm / kg

Phosphorus

0.9 - 1.3 g / 24 hr

Potassium

35 - 85 mEq / 24 hr

Protein

0 - 150 mg / 24 hr

Sodium

30 - 280 mEq / 24 hr

Urea nitrogen

10 - 22 gm / 24 hr

Uric acid

240 - 755 mg / 24 hr

COAGULATION

 

ACT

90 - 130 seconds

APTT

21 - 35 seconds

Platelets

140,000 - 450,000 / ml

Plasminogen

62 - 130%

PT

10 - 14 seconds

PTT

32 - 45 seconds

FSP

Less than 10 µg/dL

Fibrinogen

160 - 450 mg/dL

Bleeding time

3 - 7 minutes

Thrombin time

11 - 15 seconds

CEREBRAL SPINAL FLUID

 

Appearance

clear

Glucose

40 - 85 mg/dL

Osmolality

290 - 298 mOsm/L

Pressure

70 - 180 mm/H2O

Protein

15 - 45 mg/dL

Total cell count

0 - 5 cells

WBC's

0 - 6 / µL

HEMODYNAMIC PARAMETERS

 

Cardiac Index

2.5 - 4.2 L / min / m squared

Cardiac Output

4 - 8 LPM

Left Ventricular Stroke Work Index

40 - 70 g / m squared / beat

Mean Arterial Pressure

70 - 105 mm Hg

Pulmonary Vascular Resistance

155 - 255 dynes / sec / cm to the negative 5

Pulmonary Vaslular Resistance Index

255 - 285 dynes / sec / cm to the negative 5

Right Ventricular Stroke Work Index

7 - 12 g / m squared / beat

Stroke Volume

60 - 100 mL / beat

Stroke Volume Index

40 - 85 mL / m squared / beat

Systemic Vascular Resistance

900 - 1600 dynes / sec / cm to the negative 5

Systemic Vascular Resistance Index

1970 - 2390 dynes / sec / cm to the negative 5

Systolic Arterial Pressure

90 - 140 mm Hg

Diastolic Arterial Pressure

60 - 90 mm Hg

Central Venous Pressure

2 - 6 mm Hg; 2.5 - 12 cm H2O

Ejection Fraction

60 - 75%

Left Arterial Pressure

4 - 12 mm Hg

Pulmonary Artery Systolic

15 - 30 mm Hg

Pulmonary Artery Diastolic

5 - 15 mm Hg

Pulmonary Artery Pressure

10 - 20 mm Hg

Pulmonary Artery Wedge Pressure

4 - 12 mm Hg

Pulmonary Artery End Diastolic Pressure

8 - 10 mm Hg

Right Atrial Pressure

4 - 6 mm Hg

Right Ventricular End Diastolic Pressure

0 - 8 mm Hg

NEUROLOGICAL VALUES

 

Cerebral Perfusion Pressure

70 - 90 mm Hg

Intracranial Pressure

5 - 15 mm Hg or 5 - 10 cm H2O

ARTERIAL VALUES

 

pH

7.35 - 7.45

PaCO2

35 - 45 mm Hg

HCO3

22 - 26 mEq/L

O2 sat

96 - 100%

PaO2

85 - 100 mm Hg

BE

-2 to +2 mmol/L

VENOUS VALUES

 

pH

7.31 - 7.41

PaCO2

41 - 51 mm Hg

HCO3

22 - 29 mEq/L

O2 sat

60 - 85%

PaO2

30 - 40 mm Hg

BE

0 to +4 mmol/L


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